: Lesson 2
is a fretless, string instrument. It was initially said
to have been played with a bow made from horsehair,
but now it is plucked with a plectrum, made from coconut
shell. It has a natural deep and resonant sound and
is capable of producing highly emotional passages.
sarod is about three and a half to four feet long. The
body of a sarod is carved from a single and well-seasoned
piece of teak. The base of sarod is covered with goat
skin. The finger board has a covering of metal. The
metal part of the body adds to the resonance within
the tumba or the gourd.
sarod has 25 metal strings, seven of which are played
with the mizrab or plectrum. Four carry the melody and
the rest serve to produce the drone of the instrument,
called the tonic or 'sa' which accentuates rhythmic
parts like the jhala. The other 17 strings are sympathetic
strings (tadap strings) which provide resonance. Fifteen
of these are attached to the long neck of the sarod
and are attuned to the raga to which they are being
played. The strings are tied from one end of the body
of the sarod to the other over what is called the bridge.
The bridge holds on its head only the main seven strings,
and not the tadap strings.
sarod is played with the nails of the artist, which
serve as frets. It calls for a great sense of sur on
the part of the player. The pitching has to be extremely
accurate. Because of its fretless quality, the sarod
allows the player to take long meends (slides) and subtle
gamaks, which are typical of Indian classical vocal
Instruments : Rabab (a popular Afghani instrument)
; Surshringar (Zafar Khan invented this instrument).
exponents : Baba Alauddin Khan, the great sarod
exponent, was a disciple of Ustad Wazir Ali Khan, a
noted beenkar and a dhrupadia and a doyen of the senia
gharana. Alauddin Khan (1862-1972) produced many legendary
disciples like Ustad Ali Akbar Khan, Ravi Shankar, Annapurna
Devi, Pt. Pannalal Ghosh, Sharan Rani. Baba lived to
serve the cause of music. He also composed many ragas
like Hemant and Durgeshwari. Hafiz Ali Khan Along with
Alauddin Khan, Hafiz Ali Khan developed the sarod to
its present day form. He too was a disciple of Ustad
Wazir Ali Khan. Hafiz Ali Khan's son Amjad Ali Khan
is today a renowned sarod player.
day players: Ustad Ali Akbar Khan - was initiated
into music at the age of three by his father Alauddin
Khan, who was acknowledged as one of the greatest teachers
and musicians of Hindustani classical music. At the
age of 14, he gave his first public performance in Allahabad.
While he was still in his twenties, he became the court
musician of Maharaja of Jodhpur. A gifted genius, Ali
Akbar is acknowledged as one of the greatest musicians
in the world. He treats his ragas in an extremely spiritual,
intellectual and serious manner. He founded the Ali
Akbar College of Music in California in 1967. Hundreds
and thousands of students have been learning sitar,
sarod, tabla and vocal classical music under his guidance.
He has cut many records and discs. Akbar Ali Khan's
son Ashish Khan is also a sarod player.
Amjad Ali Khan - belongs to the senia gharana, which
can boast of a galaxy of masters. Ustad Amjad Ali Khan
was born in October 1945. He received training from
his father Padmabibhushan Hafiz Ali Khan. He started
playing the sarod at a very young age and was acclaimed
a child prodigy. He has developed the gayaki ang on
the sarod; his playing is exotic and lyrical in style.
He has mastered the technique of sarod baaz and maintains
his purity of playing. He has cut many records and discs.
sarod players: Pt. Buddhadev Das Gupta ; Zarin Daruwalla
; Brij Narayan ; Others
profiled with us
: Lesson 1 Lesson 2
lessons on other instruments?